Beth Sholom Congregation was founded in 1918. Beth Sholom means “House of Peace”, and was given that name by its first Rabbi, Mortimer J. Cohen, in honor of the end of World War I. In 1953 Rabbi Cohen persuaded Frank Lloyd Wright to accept the commission for a synagogue which was later to be titled An American Synagogue, and was the only synagogue he ever designed in his long career. The Synagogue was dedicated on September 20, 1959, just over five months after Wright’s death. Within a few years of its completion, Beth Sholom Synagogue was singled out by the American Institute of Architects and the National Trust for Historic Preservation as one of the seventeen Wright buildings most worthy of preservation. Beth Sholom was listed as a National Historic Landmark in 2007.